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Our Army has now followed the French by adopting steel helmets, calculated to stop shell-splinters and shrapnel.
Even in cases of extreme risk, not only has death been avoided, but injuries have been confined to bruises or superficial wounds.
The design allowed the use of relatively thick steel that could be formed in a single pressing while maintaining the helmet's thickness.
This made it more resistant to projectiles but it offered less protection to the lower head and neck than other helmets.
Soldiers of most nations went into battle wearing cloth, felt, or leather headgear that offered no protection from modern weapons.
At about the same time, the British War Office had seen a similar need for steel helmets.
The War Office Invention Department was ordered to evaluate the French design.
The huge number of lethal head wounds that modern artillery weapons inflicted upon the French Army led them to introduce the first modern steel helmets in the summer of 1915.
The idea was later adopted by most other combatant nations.